A slum is a heavily populated urban area that is characterized by substandard houses, social and economic isolation, irregular land ownership, low standards of sanitation, limited access to basic infrastructure and social services (Ministry of Land and Urban Development; 2008). Kampala, Uganda’s capital has got 57 slum areas in the 5 divisions inhabiting the poorest people within its slums. By 2014 53.6% of the Urban population in Kampala lived in slums. According to the Ministry of lands, housing, and urban development, it estimates that 64% of the
total city residents live in slum areas. Most slums have poor sanitation, poor drainage system and poor water management all that cause health problems. This pressure on resources has led to unmanaged living structures (wooden or iron sheet or canvas) being erected for shelter where the individual cannot afford construction. As such these structures are built so close to each other that in some areas space for sanitation facilities like toilets, is not available; thus the residents have resorted to using ‘flying toilets’ (feces piled in kaveera).
Slum Life Survival ensures that sanitation and health conditions of the people living in the slums improve. We focus on sensitizing the slum people on the 5fs; feces, fingers, food and fluids. We carry out N2N – Neighbor to Neighbor sensitization on health and need for safe water and sensitize the households through the N2N sensitization on the need for sanitation facilities, how to manage and also we carry out clean up exercises for the toilets. We make an on-ground assessment of the water resources and make recommendations to the water agencies to provide water in the identified areas. Together with the local leaders, we gather the communities together for community cleanups and we sensitize the communities on waste management as well as the dangers of open defecation. Through the N2N we sensitize the households on washing hands. We have FULL FOAM WASHING HAND CAMPAIGN and distribute WASH items We help communities empty the toilets to increase the number of toilets and also sensitize on sanitation maintenance.
Our Focus areas include;
Desilting drainage channels
This will require getting the residents to play a role in removing the silt. Together with the resident leaders have a continuous schedule of engaging the residents in desilting. Sensitisation workshops will be undertaken before the activity and after the activity. Management of water Systems; The residents will elect their own leaders to manage the existing water systems. Management of water systems includes the cleanliness of the source of water. This will also require engaging and partnering with the National Water and Sewage Corporation to increase the tapped water system.
All the above will be futile without an awareness and sensitization exercise about the need to have cleaner environments for living, therefore, workshops will be undertaken in the due course of the above activities. Residents will be educated by facilitators about the 5fs of Sanitation and hygiene, health facilitators and resident responsibilities by KCCA. Our sensitization campaigns also engage the communities in drama skits on WASH.
Construction of Latrines Partnership with construction organisations and the KCCA to develop plans for these constructions of these latrines. There will need to identify locations to increase the number of these latrines and each unit area will have a unit leader to manage the latrines. To have successful management of the latrines, the residents need to play an integral part in taking this up.
We organize community cleanups with the communities. WASH Monitors elected by the communities monitor WASH status in the communities and with the help of the local leaders work towards making the neighborhoods clean.
Slum life survival works in partnership with government agencies like National Water and Sewage Corporation, KCCA, Ministry of Health, with local leaders and Non-government organisations to bring a healthy and clean environment in the slum communities